In Lord of the Flies, Golding uses a omniscient third person narrator. The story mostly follows Ralph, but occasionally follows another character:
Golding uses the omniscient point of view, which enables him to stand outside and above the story itself, making no reference to the inner life of any of the individual characters. From this lofty point he comments on the action from the point of view of a removed, but observant, bystander.
Another example of style is Golding's use of a simple story line that has heavy symbolic material:
Golding makes his novel come alive with a significant use of symbolism, physiological development, and general truths. His writing style is simple but the subject matter is deep. He uses a rather comparatively simple story to convey a weighty idea.
Golding uses symbolism to convey messages. The pig's head on a stick is of course a central idea:
Simon realizes that the pig's head represents an evil so strong that it has the power to make him faint. When he thinks of the head as "The Lord of the Flies," the symbol becomes even more powerful, as this title is a translation of "Beelzebub," another name for the Devil.
The pig's head represents anarchy. Without a code of honor, the boys get caught up in a murderous frenzy and innocent boys die.
Without order and authority, the boys' lives become chaotic and filled with danger. Through general truths, Golding is able to share a convincing message on the importance of authority and civilized order. The natural instinct of man is dangerous. It is innately evil.
Golding's style leaves the reader with an important message through his use of symbolism, setting, and general truths.