'A modest Proposal' is a satirical esay by Jonathan Swift published in1729.In the essay Swift appears to suggest that the impoverished Irish might ease their economic troubles by selling their childern as food for rich English ladies and gentlemen.
a young healthy child well-nourished is a most
delicious and wholesome food, whether stewed
roasted, baked or boiled...
By doing so the childern will not only cease to be a burden to their poor parents but also fetch them some bucks.Secondly the landlords and ladies will get to eat wholesome and nutritious food.
The readers unacquainted with its reputation as a satirical work are often taken in by the mockserious irony as they fail to realize that Swift was not proposing cannibalism and infanticide but poking fun at the British authorities who stifled the Irish economy with severe restrictions.
The essay is widely held to be one of the greatest examples of irony in the history of English Literature.