What threat do human rights violations pose to the world, and what is currently being done about them?

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"Human rights violations" are a problem the world over, but in order to get anywhere on the subject you first have to decide what constitutes a "right."  By the United Nation's definition, human rights are: "inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being. Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national and international law."

That means you're born with them and you don't have tor earn them.

So, what are these rights?  

Something like these:

  1. Life (people have the right to not be killed arbitrarily by other people.)
  2. Torture (people have the right to no be tortured)
  3. Slavery (people have the right to not be slaves)
  4. Fair trial (when accused of something, people have the right to a trial that is conducted in a fair way)
  5. Speech  (people have the right to speak freely and without...

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