What is the poem "Yet Do I Marvel" saying?

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This poem is about the seeming cruelty of God. Although the poem opens with the line, "I doubt not God is good, well-meaning, kind," by the end of the poem, after Cullen has listed a number of apparent injustices and flaws in God's creation, the reader must wonder as to the tone of that opening line. The poem closes with the speaker wondering why God would make him, a poet, black, and yet, "bid him sing."

This poem was published in 1925, during a period of particularly heated racial conflict in America, when lynchings were not uncommon, segregation was enforced, and the Klu Klux Klan was undergoing a revival encouraged by the release, in 1915, of the racist film, The Birth of a Nation.

With this in mind, the point that Cullen is making in the closing lines of the poem is that for a poet, whose passion and occupation is to express him or herself, to be born black in such a time...

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