Why does this passage mentioned hearse and Negro in this passage located in Chapter 4.
A dead man passed us in a hearse heaped with blooms, followed by two carriages with drawn blinds, and by more cheerful carriages for friends. The friends looked out at us with the tragic eyes and short upper lips of southeastern Europe, and I was glad that the sight of Gatsby’s splendid car was included in their somber holiday. As we crossed Blackwell’s Island a limousine passed us, driven by a white chauffeur, in which sat three modish negroes, two bucks and a girl. I laughed aloud as the yolks of their eyeballs rolled toward us in haughty rivalry
This passage is an interesting one. It plays into the automobile motif that runs throughout the novel. We see autos as symbols of the American Dream--status symbols. In this passage, for instance, Gatsby, according to Nick, is driving a "splendid" car.
But more often we see cars in accidents. At the first party of Gatsby's that Nick attends, Owl Eyes is involved in an accident. The driver was so drunk that he thought he could drive the car even when a wheel had come off. Later Jordan explains that she can be a "careless" driver because others are careful. This more negative connotation of cars plays into the idea of the hearse--a foreshadowing of Gatsby's car that later becomes known as the "Death Car," when Daisy's careless driving kills Mrytle. So, the mention of the hearse foreshadows the end of the novel--both the accident and its fatal consequences.
The mention of the "three modish negroes" in a car that rivals Gatsby's is more difficult to explain. Here we see the accessibilty of the American Dream. It is possible for all types of people to achieve the material aspects of the American Dream--the big cars, big houses, big parties. But it is more difficult, if not impossible, to attain the dream as Gatsby defines it--a return to youth, to infinite possibilities, to the "star-shine" of Old Money that "imprisons and preserves," and leaves one safe "above the hot struggles of the poor." In other words, this passage distinguishes Gatsby's dream from that of others. Turning back the clock is much more difficult than acquiring a "splendid car."
The mention of the hearse was to show the reader the dark and low life that people in the valley of the ashes were living. Though they were situated between very wealthy towns, they didn't seem to thrive as much as their neighbors. The name, Valley of the Ashes shines on light on the life that they were living and the hearse showed that the only way out of the gutter for these people would be death.
Fitzgerald viewed a time period in which all races living in America will be equal. This is shown in the scene with the white man being the driver and the blacks experiencing the luxury. This is almost a reverse of what was actually taking place in this time period. It was a time of white superiority but this scene demolishes the very idea.