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gmuss25 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Throughout the novel, Jem and Scout learn a variety of important lessons from Atticus and their experiences growing up in the small town of Maycomb, Alabama. Both children learn the importance of protecting innocent beings, as when Atticus tells them that it is a sin to kill a mockingbird, and the definition of "real courage" from their experiences with Mrs. Dubose. The children also learn what mob mentality is after the Old Sarum bunch attempts to lynch Tom Robinson in chapter 15. Toward the beginning of the story, Scout also learns the importance of controlling her temper and maintaining perspective from her experiences with Miss Caroline. However, the most significant lesson Jem and Scout learn throughout the novel concerns the prejudiced nature of their community. After witnessing racial injustice for the first time during the Tom Robinson trial, Jem and Scout both become aware of the overt prejudice throughout their community. Both siblings begin to recognize the racist nature of Maycomb and notice the hypocrisy throughout their community following the Tom Robinson trial. 

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To Kill a Mockingbird

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