One of the best ways to create a solid and coherent thesis statement is to start with a topic. An example from Zora Neale Hurston's "The Gilded Six-Bits" could be about misjudging others based on their outward appearance and behavior. First, we must look at some specifics from the story:
Early on, Joe raves about how Slemmons has "de finest clothes," is widely traveled, and has gold accessories. He also equates Slemmons's body size with that of "a rich white man." By all accounts, Slemmons appears to look the part of a wealthy man. Joe, on the other hand, wears clothing that his wife fixes with needles, has not traveled around, and doesn't have the gut of a "wealthy man."
Later in the story, Joe finds out that Slemmons's accessories aren't real gold, which leads one to believe that his stories were made up, too.
After sleeping with Slemmons, Missie May believes Joe does not love her anymore, based on her guilt over her infidelity, as well as Joe's change in behavior.
Finally, toward the end of the story when Joe travels to Orlando, he convinces a store clerk that he was never really fooled by Slemmons. After he leaves, the store clerk—judging by Joe's demeanor—assumes Joe's life is worry-free.
Now that we have a topic and some examples, it's time to tie them together. In all the examples, either Slemmons or Joe is misjudged based on how they look and act. Therefore, the following thesis can be formed:
"In her short story 'The Gilded Six-Bits,' Zora Neale Hurston explores the nature of misconception through her characters' continuous faulty judgments of those around them. Whether it's Joe's belief that Slemmons must be wealthy because of his stories and appearance, Missie May's belief that Joe does not love her, or the candy store clerk's assumption that Joe is worry-free, Hurston shows how truth can be obscured by what we see."