What is the theory of justice?its a question from the book "A theory of Justice" by John Rawls.

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"A Theory of Justice (1971) is Rawls’s attempt to formulate a philosophy of justice and a theoretical program for establishing political structures designed to preserve social justice and individual liberty." 

Rawls's claim is that everyone would design the same kind of society, if a given individual didn't know where they would rank within that society ("Veil of Ignorance"); in other words, everyone would choose a base level ("social safety net") or minimum standard that would eliminate social, political, and economic inequalities. Rawls modifies the "Social Contract" as developed by John Locke, and rejects the Utilitarianism philosophy of "The greatest good for the greatest number of people," stating that this leads to the "tyranny of the majority."

 Other social philosophers who have followed Rawls ("Rawlsians") have suggested that "social" justice can only be accomplished by instituting a broad social safety net, redistributive taxation and compensatory social policies.