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There are a couple of theories related to child language acquisition. I am mentioning three of the most important theories:
The nativist theory states that children had an LAD, or innate language acquistion device that allows them to learn vocabulary words and form sentences using the vocabulary they have already learned. Vocabulary is acquired through listening to others. This indicated that children learn vocabulary through listening to the people around them.
The behaviorist theory operate on operant conditioning, which was proposed by B.F. Skinner. Operant conditioning operates based on rewards. When someone does something good, then they get rewarded. If they don't, they don't get rewarded. In terms of language acquisition of children, parent reward their children when they form vocabulary words. When a child babbles, the parent does not reward the child. When the child learns a new word, the child get rewarded. The reward must be something that the child values in order for this type of conditioning to work properly. Also the reward must be given everytime the child forms a word so that the child can see the benefit of learning new words.
The empiricial theory goes against the behaviorist theory by saying that there is no need for the LAD model. Children have enough ability to form language with the LAD model. This theory support of the use of technology. Scientists use a pattern of sounds and use data to try different mechanisms to learn speech.
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