What are the themes found in Chapter 8 of Golding's novel Lord of the Flies?
Golding examines several themes throughout Chapter 8, including fear, leadership, manipulation, and inherent wickedness. Ralph's lack of leadership allows Jack to leave the group and start his own tribe without any repercussions. Ralph does not know how to effectively motivate the boys, while Jack skillfully promises them that they will only have to play and hunt. Seeking a better leader, the majority of the boys leave Ralph's camp to join Jack's tribe and indulge in their carnal desires.
Other prominent themes in Chapter 8 deal with fear and manipulation. It is the fear of the beast which acts as the catalyst of the boys' descent into savagery. Jack also uses the fear of the beast to manipulate his tribe into following his demands. Once they savagely kill a pig, Jack orders his hunters to severe its head and leave it as a sacrifice for the beast.
Golding also examines the theme of inherent wickedness throughout Simon's encounter with the Lord of the Flies. The Lord of the Flies confirms Simon's belief that the beast was actually each person's inherent wickedness.