The Time Machine by H. G. Wells

The Time Machine book cover
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What is the theme of The Time Machine?

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There are several themes tied together across The Time Machine. There's a strong focus on science and scientific theory, along with the (from a geological perspective) ephemeral nature of human existence: human existence and evolution is not static, and human beings have no special destiny. In the distant future, modern humanity has been entirely replaced, and we see instead the world of the Elois and the Morlocks.

Combined with these ideas of evolution is a very strong focus on the class system (and a criticism of it). There is a sense by which the Morlocks and the Eloi represent a vision of evolution where biology has come to reflect a nightmarish vision of the industrial class structure. (And note the degree to which both groups have been diminished in the process—in the Morlocks, we see the working class...

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