What is the point of view of "A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings?"
I have had to edit your question down to focus on one element of this short story rather than several, as in your original question. Please remember that according to enotes regulations, you can only ask one question.
When we think about point of view, there are three main points of view adopted in literature: first person, third person limited and third person omniscient. The first person is easy to identify because the author assumes the character of one of the people in the story and tells it from their point of view, as indicated by the use of "I." Third person limited and third person omniscient are sometimes confused, because the author takes the role of an observer, looking in on the action and writing using the third person: "he" and "they." However, the crucial difference is that in third person limited, he tells the story from one person's perspective - you can imagine a film crew following around just one person and showing his or her life alone. The omniscient point of view is different because the author assumes a god-like point of view where he or she can see everything and comment upon everyone.
When we think of this story, we can see therefore that the point of view is third person omniscient, because the narrator looks upon all of the action and does not follow it from the perspective of any one character.