What is the theme of the story "Dusk"?

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William Delaney eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Perhaps this would be a good place to try to explain exactly what the young man claims happened to him, since it seems pretty odd for a person to lose a hotel.

The young man says he "came up this afternoon." He does not say from where. He meant to stay at the Patagonian Hotel in Berkshire Square, presumably a first-class hotel in a good neighborhood.

"When I got there I found it had been pulled down some weeks ago and a cinema theatre run up on the site."

How could a big hotel be torn down and a theater built on the site in a matter of weeks? This may be a clue intended to alert the reader that the stranger's story is a hoax.

The young man says he went to another hotel. He sent a letter to relatives giving them his new address and then went out to buy a cake of soap because he hates using hotel soap. This is a nice touch because it characterizes him as a high-class gentleman who has to have the best soap.

"Then I strolled about a bit, had a drink at a bar and looked at the shops, and when I came to turn my steps back to the hotel I suddenly realised that I didn't remember its name or even what street it was in."

He must have left his money in his hotel room and only came outside with about a shilling. He spent all but twopence on the soap and the drink. At least this is what he tells Gortsby.

Saki strengthens the credibility of the young man's story by having Gortsby reply:

"I remember doing exactly the same thing once in a foreign capital, and on that occasion there were two of us, which made it more remarkable. Luckily we remembered that the hotel was on a sort of canal, and when we struck the canal we were able to find our way back to the hotel."

Maybe the young man made up such a complex story in order to interest Gortsby and draw him in. Maybe it is just the weirdness of the story that makes it believable. Most of us have had the experience of "losing" something if we live in a big city. Most frequently we can't find our car in a big parking lot or multi-story parking structure.

As for the theme of Saki's story, it would seem to be the infinite duplicity of humanity and the way that some clever tricksters have learned to take advantage of other people's good nature. The title "Dusk" suggests that it is hard to see people as they truly are. In a big city almost everybody is a stranger. It is hard enough to cling to one's own identity. People in a big city can change identities if they decide to do so. The young man is never given a name. Neither is the "elderly gentleman," who could be a confidence trickster too. 

Saki's story resembles Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Wakefield," a story in which a middle-aged man on a mere whim leaves his wife and his home and takes up a lodging just blocks away, where he remains an anonymous non-person for many years before deciding to return home to his wife, who believes she is a widow. Hawthorne's story is also set in London. It is intended to show how ephemeral people's identities actually are.

Even the people we think we know may not be who they say they are. Norman Gortsby might not have given the young man a guinea if he hadn't found that cake of soap by the bench. He felt gratified that the stranger was actually telling the truth and wasn't just another of the many imposters in the world--although it turned out that the young stranger really was just another imposter. Or was it the elderly gentleman who was the imposter? Or both of them?




ajacks eNotes educator| Certified Educator

According to Daniel Snyder, among the most common themes in literature are “The Big Trick,” where someone or some group of people intentionally trick someone else, and “The Capriciousness of Fate,” where there is often a major reversal of fortune.  It could be from good-to-bad or from bad-to-good.  The common element is that there is some force guiding the person’s life over which he or she has no control.

Now, if the old man and the young man in "Dusk" were both in on the con, with the old man dropping the soap for his partner, then the theme would be “The Big Trick.”  If the young man worked alone, then we have the “Capriciousness of Fate,” since it was just fate that the old man had dropped the soap and the young man’s con had the bar of soap in it.

ajacks eNotes educator| Certified Educator

“Dusk” is a short story about a con game.  Even in the civilized world of London, the theme of survival of the fittest, or better yet, how Fate can step in and bring down the arrogant, is still very evident.

Gortsby represents the type of people that Munroe loved to portray and expose what they really were under their facades of superiority.  It seems at first that Gortsby has seen through the con of the young man, but fate steps in when he finds the bar of soap that backed up the con.  Unfortunately for Gortsby, the soap belonged to someone else, and the con man still gets his money.


heenal | Student

"Dusk" is another one of Saki's darkly ironic tales. The protagonist, Gortsby, spends the duration of the story observing people scurrying about at dusk. He thinks of most of the people whom he watches as being defeated and believes that dusk represents the time of defeat for humans. The story features third person limited point of view, so most of the characterization of Gortsby occurs through Saki's writing down Gortsby's thoughts. The character possesses a cynical view of the human state and has experienced some type of defeat of his own--Saki never details what that failure is on Gortsby's part; he simply writes that it is not a financial failure.

The first passerby whom Gortsby observes is an older man who seems dejected and reluctant to go home. The protagonist thinks that he most likely receives no respect at home or that he goes home to a place that he can barely afford to keep. Shortly after Gortsby's observation begins, the old man gets up from the bench and walks away.

The second "victim" of Gortsby's cynicism is a young man who is better dressed than the first and who makes a show of being very upset. Gortsby initiates a conversation, and the young man tells him that he has forgotten the name of the hotel at which he is supposed to be staying and that he has no money on him. He left his hotel room to get a bar of soap and a drink and cannot find his way back to his lodgings. Gortsby is skeptical about the young man's integrity and mentions that he has a good story but that he failed to produce proof of his predicament--a bar of soap. The young man realizes that his con has failed and flees the scene.

Gortsby prepares to sit back and gloat over his wise judgment of human nature when he spots a wrapped bar of soap near the park bench. He thinks that he has misjudged the young man, runs after him, apologizes for disbelieving him, and gives him money. Gortsby walks back to his bench, slightly chagrined. Moments later, the first old man returns to the bench and tells Gortsby that he is looking for his bar of soap.

Saki ironically leaves the reader with the lesson that one should not be too confident in his or her view of the human character

shinynivya | Student

Dusk is refered as the hour of the defeated.All the defeated people of the world come out of their homes at duskso that they do not have to meet succesful peole.The story is bound to make the reader laugh and wonder at the wit and creativity of the author.

aliasgermhow | Student

The theme is about how the the young fellow tricks the gortsby using the illumining atmosphere of the dusk and plays a game using the "soap" left by the old man.He also makes such a kind of face according the atmosphere of dusk which supported in trapping gortsby in his plan.

anushavarma | Student

H.H. Munro  who is widely known by his pen name saki is famous for inducing satire in most of his stories the story 'dusk' by saki, revolvesaround a situation which builds up suspense asthe story unfolds.a striking feature of thestory is a complete contrast of situations percieved in two different ways- one that of skeptical, the other that of humorous.it is an engrossing tale which is based on general human emotions and dillusions of various people.the writer has drawn a brilliant parallel between dusk and the gloom and pessimism of the defeated ones.

hpus12 | Student

H.H.Munro (also called Saki), in his short story Dusk has given the theme as Appearances are sometimes Misleading and deceptive.

gagan02 | Student

apperances can be deceptive