The bookThe Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, Or, Africa for the Africans: Or, Africa for the Africa for the Africansis basically a compilation of all of the works, and like the title states, the opinions and philosophies of Garvey.
The theme of the book is the need for African Americans to go back into their African roots and to appreciate the continent of Africa as their motherland. To take away the negative impressions that are connected to the country and infuse back into it to make it progress, and make it powerful. Garvey's works in the book speak of the need to shift the negative and pessimist views that the world holds of Africa, and yield to the love for the motherland in order to re-establish it.
Keep in mind that Garvey was not just a philosopher, but also an active community member that went as far as to create an extremely expensive Black Star Liner steamship project just to push business into Africa. He created a government-in exile in Africa for people to go there and start over. He was also a community leader of a charismatic persona. His problem, however, is that he was a bit eccentric and very aware of his influential role within his community. Although he brought an amazing sense of pride and hope to African Americans from 1910-1920, he was accused of fraud and other crimes.
This poem, "Africa for the Africans," reflects a major theme that was also stressed in Marcus Garvey's newpaper "Negro World." Garvey asserted that individuals of African descent needed to return to the African continent and establish a strong and great nation. This is the primary topid of this work.