I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud

by William Wordsworth
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What is the theme for "The Daffodils" ("I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud") by W. Wordsworth?

Wordsworth's "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" addresses themes such as the Romantic reverence for nature, how imagination and memory relate to the composition of poetry, and the impact of a childlike perspective on one's experience.

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In my opinion, this is one of the most beautiful and heartfelt poems ever written in the English language. The most prevalent themes in this poem are overcoming feelings of sadness and the beauty of nature. It is thanks to the beauty of a field of daffodils that the poet happens upon that he is able to leave his feelings of melancholy behind.

Wordsworth describes himself at the beginning of the poem as being "lonely as a cloud". This implies feelings of unhappiness—we all know we aren't happy when we are lonely. Suddenly, though, he is not alone, but in the company of a "host, of dancing daffodils." This display of natural beauty brings him joy and possibly reminds him that he is part of something far bigger than he could ever fathom.

In a nutshell, the daffodils empowered him to put his problems into perspective, transform his sadness into joy and reflect upon the beauty of what he had seen.

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Romantic poets such as William Wordsworth are noted for their reverence for nature. A prominent emotion described in this poem published in 1807 is the speaker's delight in encountering a massive field of blooming daffodils in a wild landscape and, later, remembering it vividly.

Romantics found inspiration in the outdoors and considered nature a place representing the ultimate source of joy and knowledge.  In this poem, simply recalling the sight of thousands of daffodils "tossing their heads in sprightly dance" lifts the speaker's mood when he later finds himself feeling empty and downcast.

The theme of the poem could be that nature has the capacity to delight man if he takes the time to fully appreciate it; also, it is vital that man have the imagination to recreate its gifts when removed from it.

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There are a few themes in "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud," also known as "The Daffodils." One theme is the imagination as it relates to poetry. For Wordsworth, poetry was "the spontaneous overflow of emotion reflected in tranquility." In this poem, the speaker experiences a connection with nature. He doesn't merely see pleasant landscapes; he sees life. This is evident in the lines where he uses personification. "Ten thousand saw I at a glance, / Tossing their heads in sprightly dance." (11-12)

Later, when he reflects upon this experience, he has a deeper understanding because he is tapping into a creative process (the imagination) in which he recreates (or makes himself open to) the feeling of that experience through his memory. This memory-recreation is the imaginative process in the mind and it is the process of writing poetry. For Wordsworth, the two are linked. 

Just as this poem is about recalling an experience, or reflecting on emotion in a tranquil state, it is also about recalling the way we look at the world as children, with a more innocent sense of wonder. When Wordsworth writes "I wandered lonely as a could," the implication is that he is floating along aimlessly looking for any experience, anything new to gaze upon. This is like the child wandering, asking questions about everything because he/she is curious. As an adult, the speaker, although it sounds paradoxical, purposefully wanders aimlessly in order to try to experience nature in the same way and again to reflect upon it later. 

These are two themes: the poetic/imaginative process and recalling the wonder of a child's perception of the world. 

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