The theme of Anna Sewell's Black Beauty is primarily the treatment of horses and secondarily the treatment of other animals. Anna Sewell herself was an activist, extremely concerned with humane treatment of horses and wrote the book from the point of view of the horse to arouse in her readers compassion for animals. She was specifically opposed to the bearing rein, which she thought especially cruel because it held the horses’s neck in a very awkward position.. She also was an active member of the temperance movement and alcohol abuse appears as a secondary theme in the novel.
The main theme of Black Beauty is the care of animals, particularly horses. Many people have said that Sewell could have written a non-fiction text describing the care of horses instead of Black Beauty because there is so much in it on how to care for them. In this care, Sewell also alerts the reader to the abuse of animals. The reader wanted to gain sympathy from her readers for these animals in an attempt to help end the abuses.
One other theme would be morality and righteousness. Sewell was raised as a Quaker and therefore had a strict personal code of conduct. This strict behavior is seen throughout the work.
The theme is the main topic, idea, or message in a piece of writing.
The theme of Black Beauty is most definitely that horses (as well as all animals and also people) ought to be treated kindly, ethically and humanely.
The book is about the life story and experiences of a horse called Black Beauty who is treated well by his owner in the beginning of his life but is later mistreated by other owners. The story describes how horses were often treated badly in Victorian England and how the animals suffered injury and sometimes even death due to the mistreatment.
The book also underlines issues of social class, inequality and wide differences between the poor and rich in England at that time. The book was so influential after it was published in 1877 that it even contributed to the eradication of the bearing rein. This was a rein used to pull horses' heads back, causing them pain.
The theme of black beauty is that faith and trust are much better than animal cruelty. Anna Sewell realised this and wrote a book from the perspective of a horse to convey the message to other readers. This was written during a time when horses were still in common use. To stay fashionable, many owners used the horse bearing rein to look good in front of their friends, as Anna Sewell points out. This book teaches us to be kind to people and animals alike.