What is the theme of "All Summer in a Day"?

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litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The theme of “All Summer in a Day” is the cruelty of mob mentality.

Theme is the universal message of a story.  In the story, a group of schoolchildren live on the planet Venus with their “rocket men” parents.  Venus is a very rainy place.  In fact, the sun only comes out once every seven years, and even then it only stays out for two hours.

A group of children are anxiously waiting to see the sun.  A girl named Margot does not fit in with the group.  She is from Earth, and has only been on Venus for five years.  She remembers the sun, and she is timid and frail.

Margot is the only child in the story who has a name.  The other children are just a mob, described as “weeds” in the story.  The children turn on Margot when the sun does not come out, and they decide to lock her in a closet. 

As with many mobs, one boy starts the process but the other kids go along with it.

They surged about her, caught her up and bore her, protesting, and then pleading, and then crying, back into a tunnel, a room, a closet, where they slammed and locked the door.

The violence and savagery with which the children lock Margot in the closet contrasts with her timidity and frailty.  Margot is the “other” and the children are taking out their frustration on her because she is different, and because they are jealous that she has seen the sun.

They stood looking at the door and saw it tremble from her beating and throwing herself against it. They heard her muffled cries. Then, smiling, they turned and went out and back down the tunnel, just as the teacher arrived.  

The children smile because they have accomplished something in locking Margot up.  When they realize she missed the sun, they feel bad.  It does not say what happens when they let her out.

juddie | Student

the overpopulation became a seriouse problem that  we have to find a way to fix it..in this story,the writer is trying to solve this problem by having people move to "venus",but as to do this they have to sacrifice.this story reminds us to appreciate the simple things in life.the is not that far away in which we must come up with a solution on how to control the earth's population.it also tells us that one of the reason the third world countries are so unhealthy,as there isn't enough food.pretty so there will be so many people that will lose the ability to function as being a part of the society. by the next fourty years the earth's population will rise that thinking about moving to planet "venus" wont be just an idea it may be come true ! but for doing this;we should give up lots of things we used to do and have in our life, and if the technology is not advanced enough,the should give up the natural things that is the most priciouse !