Keep in mind that figurative language, or figures of speech, include all similes and metaphors within the text. Dickens is known (along with Shakespeare of course) as one of the great masters of figurative language in English literature. Though A Christmas Carol is a shorter story than his others, figurative language abounds in every chapter.
In the very opening paragraph, for example, there is the simile:
Old Marley was as dead as a door-nail.
Ironically, the very next paragraph goes into the literal explanation of this figurative phrase, which emphasizes its humor and allows Dickens to get away with using a cliche, even with a modern audience.
The 6th paragraph of the first chapter is full of similes and metaphors used to describe Scrooge. Notice the ice and cold imagery . Though the sayings tend to sound old-fashioned now, all of them paint a picture of a cold-hearted and cold-natured man, whose coldness is only made chillier because the weather is physically cold during Christmas time. ...
(The entire section contains 2 answers and 550 words.)