What techniques are used in The Dead to convey Gabriel's character?

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sullymonster | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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This story is told in third person point of view, meaning that there is an outside narrator. However, the point of view is limited to focus on Gabriel's thoughts only, which allows readers to better understand him.  In addition, Joyce uses mimetic style, meaning that in expressing Gabriel's thoughts, he imitates Gabriel's speech and tone of voice.  This further provides insight into the type of man he is.  Through all of this, readers are able to understand that he is educated but insecure.  Finally, Joyce uses an allusion to the angel Gabriel to alert readers to the fact that this will be a passive character.