What are the Technological Revolution and Scientific Revolution and what are their pros and cons.The twentieth century was a period of unparalleled change. The consequences of these changes have...
What are the Technological Revolution and Scientific Revolution and what are their pros and cons.
The twentieth century was a period of unparalleled change. The consequences of these changes have implications for the survival of life on this planet. This change came about in two major ways: Technological Revolution and Scientific Revolution.
The Technological Revolution represents a shift from man replacing ordinary physical work with a more-mental approach to mastering the natural world around him. Man worked first with his hands, then developed tools, such as the horse and plow, to help him do his work. Advancements in the sophistication of the tools helped man increase his production and mastery over his environment. The development of modern machinery helps us as humans to far exceed our physical limitations. When I go home to visit my parents, who live 180 miles away, my car makes the trip in about 2.5 hours. If I walked the distance, it would take about 36 hours, 1 and 1/2 days to accomplish the same task!
The Scientific Revolution, historically speaking, occured in the 16th century, hinging on the writings of Nicolaus Copernicus, who advocated the sun was the center of the known universe, and as such, the Earth and all the other planets revolved around it. Vesalius also wrote a detailed book on human anatomy that radically changed the medical thinking and regard towards the human body of that day. The disposal of long-held superstitions and beliefs in favor of the adoption of new discoveries ushered in the current practices held in science today, that of inquiry and methodical proof.
Cons? Well, since I drive more and walk less, I tend to have a weight problem. Our shift towards a "thinking" work force has left the physical demands on our bodies with a lot of down time, so obesity rates have skyrocekted. As for the scientific revolution, it is a proverbial house of cards, we build it today, we knock it down tomorrow. Today's news is tomorrow's history. It is in constant danger of being rejected for a more popular theory.