I'm doing a personal study on Pride and Prejudice, and though I understand the novel as a whole I'm having trouble identifying specific techniques or imagery she uses, except for irony/sarcasm. I'd be very grateful if anyone could suggest some to me, as I will probably have to comment on them in my essay!
One of the things that Austen does best is create characterization. She is a master of mixing all of the various techniques of characterization. She uses direct narration to tell us the background, but we also learn about the characters from what they do, how they act, and what others say about them. She is probably best known for her ability to capture characterization through what characters say and HOW they say it. Pay attention to vocabulary and diction, syntax, sentence length, subject matter, and tone of voice. If you focus on scenes of conversation as you review the novel you can really see how a character is different from one scene to the next. For example, the way Elizabeth speaks with Jane is very different from the way she speaks with the Bingley sisters, but both scenes serve to illuminate her character. She is open and honest with Jane, but reserved and brisk with the sisters. This difference reveals a lot about her character. Each conversation she has reveals more facets of her character!
Austen is the voice of Elizabeth in the third person narrative. Pay attention how she plays her protagonist in the first person narrative and then lets the reader in on her stream of consciousness in the third person narrative, which is usually ironic.