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What is the teacher's role in developing a behavior intervention plan for students with challenging behaviors?

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Michael Koren eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The teacher plays an essential role in developing a behavioral modification plan for a student with challenging behaviors. The teacher is the person who sees the child every day. The teacher knows what behaviors the child displays as well as what modifications have and haven’t worked.

However, the teacher should not be developing this plan alone. The teacher should consult with the school psychologist, the guidance counselor, other members of the grade level team, teachers from previous years, and the parents or guardians of the student. It is possible the principal should also be involved....

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shake99 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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gsenviro | Student

Behavior intervention plans are developed to encourage socially accepted behavior and discourage challenging behavior. Such a plan needs to involve all the constituents depending on the type of plan and may include not only the student but also the teacher, other students, the student's family, friends, etc.

The critical aspects of an intervention plan include observation and recognition of challenging behavior, something which is clearly within the teacher's purview. Selecting a corrective action or developing an intervention strategy is mostly the role of the teacher, since teachers come in regular contact with the students and are, typically, most suited to carry out the intervention. Implementation of the intervention is the next key step and may not have direct involvement of the teacher. The final aspect of the intervention plan is monitoring the student's behavior post-intervention and modifying the plan when necessary to prevent challenging behavior.

Clearly, the teacher has a central role in developing the behavior intervention plan.

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hannaberry | Student

It is important to keep in mind that a behavior intervention plan is actually created for the teacher to follow.The overarching goal of behavior management is to establish self- regulated, self-motivated change for appropriate behaviors. Behavior management teaches individuals skills that he or she needs to function within daily life. Functional skills are tasks and activities that are most often required in an individual’s everyday life. The first step in creating a behavior intervention plan would be for the teacher to complete a functional behavior assessment on the individual student. A functional behavior assessment is a process to identify the problem, determine the function or purpose of the behavior, and develop interventions to teach acceptable alternatives to the behavior.  A functional behavior assessment is process to systematically identify positive and negative behaviors by observing a student to develop behavior intervention strategies. Behavior management plays a vital part in establishing a social norm.Behavior management is typically found within a school setting. Behavior Management is a method for changing specific human behaviors that emphasizes regular encouragement or discouragement of behaviors that can be seen and for observing what happens both before and after the behavior. Within the school setting, behavior management differs from the term “discipline.” Discipline deals with the aftermath of the behavior that has occurred. Whereas the term “behavior management” involves the observations of all the factors including: the antecedent before the occurring behavior, the actual behavior, and the consequence after the behavior has occurred.

Along with team members such as the behavioral specialist and parent, the teacher helps with drafting a behavior intervention plan that includes the following: expectations, consequences, and rewards. Then, the teacher must model the expectations and apply the gradual release of responsibility for the individual student.