What is the TBL method? (task based learning) it merits and shortcomings?! & a shoret definision of it.i need an answer quickly pleasee...

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M.P. Ossa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

(I meant to give u 5 stars, sorry- clicked too fast)

Ok- TBL is a very well known teaching strategy particularly in the fields of Foreign Language learning, in which the teacher presents the real-life language to be introduced in a lesson through relevant- real time and real life taks, or projects in which the students will apply the planned vocabulary.

There are phases to this:

Task- Small group cooperative learning, focusing on the activity (task) at hand, using the target language, or key words. The teacher oversees all the work without doing active teaching.

Planning- After the task, the students prepare a presentation on what they found, or did. This satisfied the speaking/listening standards for students.


Actual presentation of the project. In a TEFL setting, the teacher will give the feedback nedded, and the students might follow a student-created rubric.

Analysis- After the presentation, the teacher discusses with the students the pros and cons, and gives constructive criticism as to whether the target language was used appropriately.

Practice- Its a review of key terms, which in the regular classroom (non ESL) is known as closure and review.

Pros- Wholistic use of the language, real-life application, relevant learning, kinesthetic and oral practice. Formative assessment, teacher gets to understand the student's language application more directly.

Cons- Cannot be used to introduce new words (or so some say), some say the teacher cannot appropriately assess and evaluate because the students do not have standardized assessment methods to build data.