The Civil Rights Movement employed a number of tactics. I will discuss three:
- Litigation. The beginnings of the civil rights movement came largely through lawsuits. They filed lawsuits in an effort to chip away at the doctrine of "separate but equal." The most famous example of this is the Brown case from 1954.
- Protests. There were many episodes of civil disobedience against discriminatory laws and of boycotts and protests. For example, there was the Montgomery Bus Boycott that really kicked off the movement.
- Pushing for legislation. The movement eventually got Congress to pass important pieces of legislation like the 1964 Civil Rights Act. This was done partly through protests like the March on Washington and partly through more traditional lobbying efforts.