In the short story "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been" by Joyce Carol Oates, Arnold uses the manipulative tactics a predator uses to secure a victim. He praises her beauty, flatters her with sweet words, and appeals to her vanity. He flirts with her, sensing her need to be at ease with the tradition of Connie being the flirt in charge. He dresses the part of a younger man even though he is much older, and drives the quintessential car of a young man--a convertible gold jalopy. Everything on the surface is what Connie is used to handling as the beauty being flattered by the boys around her. Only when Arnold comes to the house knowing that Connie is alone and slowly lets his mask of familiarity slip, does Connie realize that she is in terrible danger.