What tactics did progressive women use to win the right to vote?
Progressive women--specifically the National Woman's Party (NWP)--used a number of tactics to convince the U.S. government to pass the 19th Amendment, which secured women the right to vote. The NWP learned many of their tactics from suffrage activists in Great Britain. In addition to lobbying and petitioning--in which the mainstream women's suffrage movement engaged--the NWP used aggressive tactics such as picketing the White House, conducting mass meetings and speeches, civil disobedience (including hunger strikes while in prison, as well demanding the courts treat them as political prisoners) to get the attention of the public, President Woodrow Wilson, and Congress. Although the NWP only had 50,000 members, these aggressive tactics brought more attention to the women's suffrage movement than the actions of more moderate suffrage organizations.