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This is a good question and this word is often times defined so ambiguously. Syntax is the study of the principles that govern phrases, clauses, and sentence structure. Each language in the world has rules for sentence structure. Syntax studies these structures and communicates these structures to people.

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This is a good question and this word is often times defined so ambiguously. Syntax is the study of the principles that govern phrases, clauses, and sentence structure. Each language in the world has rules for sentence structure. Syntax studies these structures and communicates these structures to people.

There is also a pretty decent overlap with grammar. So, if you study grammar and know the rules of grammar well, then you can be said to have a good handle on syntax.

Finally, it is important to study the rules of syntax, because being able to write well and speak well will be one of the ways in which you can get ahead in society. This is also a mark of an educated person.

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Syntax involves rules of language and how words and phrases are put together to form sentences.  For example, in a normal English sentence, the order in which the parts of speech are written is a fairly uniform structure.  Ordinarily, the subject of the sentence comes before the verb.  An article like, "the", "a", and "an" come before a noun.  By having a set structure, communicating ideas becomes easier because everyone is use to that format in reading and writing a language.  It is an orderly way to arrange words and phrases to communicate meaning.  

A famous character who goes against the rules of syntax is Yoda from Star Wars.  A lot of the time he mixes up the conventional word order of the English language.  

Here are some famous Yoda-isms that mix up the syntax of the English language:

"Much to learn you still have."

"Anger, gear, aggression; the dark side of the Force they are."

"When 900 years old you reach, look as good you will not."

from "Why so strangely Yoda Speaks" by James Harbeck

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