What is the symptoms of celiac disease and whats diagnoses and treatment of it?mor infos about celiac disease

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lynnebh eNotes educator| Certified Educator

My little nephew has Celiac disease, It  is an inherited, autoimmune disease in which the lining of the small intestine is damaged. It is caused by eating gluten and other proteins found in wheat, barley, rye, and sometimes oats. The more gluten a person eats, the worse the symptoms.

This is a tricky disease to diagnose because the symptoms are so widespread, vary from individual to individual, and also are symptoms of other diseases. For example, some sufferers are constipated, while others have diarrhea. Some people have no appetites, but others are ravenously hungry. Some lose weight, some gain weight. Usually, there is abdominal pain, bloating, gas and frequent indigestion. Some sufferers also have lactose intolerance and many have nausea and vomiting.

In addition, there are other, non-gastrointestinal symptoms such as bone and joint pain, fatigue, hair loss, cramps, nosebleeds, short stature, skin disorders, low blood sugar, low blood count, depression, dental discoloration, hair loss and malnutrition.

The main treatment is a gluten-free diet. This not only means avoiding wheat and other gluten-rich grains, but also carefully reading labels because many foods have gluten in the ingredients. A lot of prepared foods contain gluten. Also, a vitamin and mineral supplement may be prescribed.