An additional important symbol in A Doll's House is that of the Christmas tree. It represents the comfort and respectability of the middle-class home, the kind of place where a happily-married bourgeois couple would live. And it is this image of domestic wedded bliss that the Helmers like to present to the outside world. On the face of it, all seems well. Like a beautifully-decorated Christmas tree, the Helmers' marriage is pleasant and attractive.
But in reality, it's nothing more than a sham, and the true nature of Nora and Torvald's marriage is aptly symbolized by the bare, bedraggled state of the Christmas tree in Act II, when it has been stripped of its decorations and all the candles have been put out.
Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House is not a literary work that is full of symbols, but there are a few.
One symbol is the macaroons that Nora is seen eating and hiding in the opening scene. When her husband questions her to find out if she has been eating macaroons,...
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