What is the central idea/ utter truth revealed in the poem Nature?
In the poem Nature, the poet reminds us that death is inevitable. However, we remain obsessed with our worldly possessions which are no better than a child’s playthings. Nature gently and gradually takes them away and leads us to the infinite world where we come from. The utter truth is that man is mortal.
H. W. Longfellow’s “Nature” is a fine example of Italian sonnet which has two parts, octave and sestet. Through a beautiful simile between a loving mother and nature the poet tells how nature leads us from life to death.
In the octave part of the poem Nature, the poet has presented nature as a loving mother and human being as a child. At the end of the day, the loving mother leads her half-willing and half reluctant child to bed with promises for more splendid play things instead of the broken ones.
In the sestet part the same idea is reinforced. Nature, like a fond mother takes away all our earthly possessions one by one to prepare our mind for the ultimate rest, i.e., death. We cannot decide whether to go to the eternal world or stay in the temporal world. Finally, we surrender ourselves to the will of nature. Thus, the poem reflects an eternal truth and inevitable result of human life under the guise of a simple tale of a loving mother and her little child.
At the beginning of the poem, the speaker is feeling lonely and sad. As he walks along, he sees a large area of daffodils along the side of a lake, blowing in the breeze with bright yellow flowers reflected in the water in spite of the waves due to the wind. The sight of the flowers on the shore and their reflection cheers him greatly. To the poet, these flowers are not just pretty, but cheerful and joyous company that brings him out of his loneliness. Best of all, the poet finds that the memory of the sight of the daffodils stays with him, giving him companionship and joy when he is "in vacant or in pensive mood."
The central idea of the poem is the expression of the comfort and cheering the author finds in the beauty of observing the daffodils.