From your question, I'm hazarding a guess that either you forgot to attach your poem or you're asking for a general poetry analysis structure. I'll go with the latter, then.
When you have a literature poem you have to analyse, first look at the question they're asking you. What are you trying to prove?
Is it about feelings? Thoughts and emotions? What strikes you as memorable/ significant? Recognising all of these different questions will help you construct good answers for your essays. You identify the poet's use of these techniques to bring out a message or prove something as stated in the question.
- technique list: WORDS AND IMAGES
- Choice of Words-one word at a time, give 2 examples
- Diction-Choice of Words, Phrases, Vivid Descriptions
- Emotive Words-can be a phrase, e.g. Bitter/ distraught
- Verbs-make it vivid /real /come alive.Show [what] about [who]
- Irony, Sarcasm
- Juxtaposition, Contrast
- Situation-Uncertain, mysterious/ dangerous, risky/ confusing
- Setting-contributes to mood and thus overall tone of poem
- actions and behaviour
[Remember, this isn't an exhaustive list. There are a lot more techniques that you can find and manipulate to suit your argument.]
Say you have a question that goes
'how does the poet make you feel pity for the girl in the poem?'
Your first step is to identify the Big Picture- what exactly makes you feel pity. Maybe the poet has described her appalling circumstances [setting, imagery]. Maybe she has used certain verbs to convey some tone. Maybe she has shown some of the feelings that the girl is facing. Maybe she has told you about an abusive relationship.
After you have identified this, set about to further identifying the techniques employed to make you feel this way.
These form your topic sentences.
What you should use here is a PEEL format.
- P - point, or topic sentence. sum up the argument of your entire paragraph here.
- E - evidence. Pick out a line from the passage that is suited for your point.
- E - elaboration or explanation. As mentioned above, rationalise your argument with the example here.
- L- link. This part is really important. It shows the marker how you have answered the question, which is what they're really looking out for.
as per the example;
- The poet could have used powerful imagery to paint a vivid picture of the girl's desolation in your mind.
- This would make you feel pity for her plight.
- Explain the imagery. Take a line from the source and show how the imagery is conveyed and what it reminds you of. Then explain how it conveys that the girl is desolate.
- Finally wrap up with how this sense of desolation is conveyed to you, that you understand it and sympathise, and therefore feel pity for the girl.
Stick true to the PEEL format and techniques during answering. It should help you analyse your poems.