The poem "Windsor Forest" was published in anticipation of the end of the War of Spanish Succession in 1713. The conclusion of this war, which had involved most of the major Western European powers of that time, and the Treaty of Utrecht which established the status of European nations after the war, severely reduced the influence of France and Spain and made Great Britain the most powerful nation in the world.
"Windsor Forest" salutes the grandeur of the British Empire in its glory. "The groves of Eden" compares England to the Garden of Eden, God's perfect creation at the beginning of the world. The entire poem praises the wonders of plant and animal life, the enchanted history of the people, and the majestic qualities of the British Empire.