An essay begins with a topic or subject. From a little research, the writer will formulate a thesis or claim. This is the controlling sentence for the paper. It states the subject of the essay in a sentence format. It may also include within the thesis the order of the subtopics that will be addressed in the rest of the essay.
Here is an example of a thesis statement including the subtopics that might be discussed in the essay.
Thesis sentence: Basketball is the best sport for audience participation.
Subtopics: A. The crowd is close to the actual game.
B. The participation of the crowd makes a
difference for the players.
C. The game is unaffected by the weather.
- The writer gets the attention of the audience
- Introduces the topic
- Presents the thesis sentence(s):
Basketball is the best sport for audience participation.
2nd paragraph= 1st subtopic:
The crowd is close to the actual game.
[The following represents the evidence that would be used to support the subtopic.]
3rd paragraph=2nd subtopic:
The participation of the crowd makes a difference for the players.
4th paragraph=3rd subtopic:
The game is unaffected by the weather.
5th paragraph=: Conclusion
- Briefly restate your thesis
- Add any important information that adds to the thesis
- End with something that really leaves the reader with something to think about.
This basic pattern applies to any kind of essay. The thesis should be broken down into a minimum of three aspects of the topic.
With research, the writer selects the best kind of evidence to support and prove the points.
The essay is the basic type of writing done in a formal setting. Research is at the heart of the writing. Without the information to support the points that the writer wants to make the essay will not be interesting or the thesis supported.
With research, the writer selects the best kind of evidence to support and prove the points. The familiar essay is characterized by its brevity and discursive style.