Bronte uses first-person narration to raise sympathy for Jane Eyre and to allow us access to her thoughts and emotions. The first-person narration lends an immediacy that allows us to identify strongly with the character of Jane.
Bronte also uses the pathetic fallacy, a device in which the weather mirrors the protagonist's emotions or situation. For example, the rainy, dreary November day on which the novel opens, with the "lamentable" blasts of wind outdoors, reflects both Jane's unhappy home situation and the emotions that surge inside of her. If that were not enough, the book Jane reads is set in the Arctic, where "forlorn regions of dreary space,—that reservoir of frost and snow" mirror the icy coldness with which Jane is treated as an unwanted poor relation. Jane will also face literal storms as she races across the moor to escape Rochester.
Bronte also uses foils to set good characters against bad. Mr. Brocklehurst, an utter hypocrite who enjoys making the poor Lowood girls...
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