What is the style of the book 1984 by George Orwell?

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kipling2448 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

George Orwell’s 1984 is a depiction of a dystopian futuristic society written in a straightforward style consistent with the author’s background as a journalist as well as an essayist and novelist. It has been categorized as political satire, but dystopian science fiction might be a better categorization given 1984’s exceptionally harsh description of a totalitarian society run by a dictatorial regime in which individual freedoms are nonexistent and fealty to the dictates of that regime is brutally enforced.

Orwell was heavily influenced by his own experiences and observations of autocratic governance, beginning with that of his own country, Great Britain. Having lived as a child in British-occupied India and having served the colonial power as a law enforcement officer in Burma, the aspiring author saw firsthand the indignities and brutality inherent in one nation trying to subjugate another. Orwell fought in the Spanish Civil War on the side of the Republicans against the fascist Nationalists. These experiences informed his writings. In his seminal novels 1984 and Animal Farm, he observed the rise of Joseph Stalin and the dictator’s incomprehensible brutality. The latter of the two books is an allegory of the Bolsheviks and revolutionary Russia. Nineteen eighty-four, however, is Orwell’s classic depiction of a society run under the mantra of communist ideology. It is a dystopian science fiction novel.

janeyb eNotes educator| Certified Educator

It depends on what type of style you are talking about. Orwell writes in third person, but the story is point of view from the perspective of Winston Smith. If you are referng to the language of the book, then Orwell creates a whole new language "newspeak" to show the power of language. Words are strong, and to strip them of their meaning the totalitarian government has to change them. The structure of the novel is three parts plus an appendix. There is more on the style of the novel here:http://www.enotes.com/1984/26922

surfteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are many ways to answer this question. One way of looking at 1984 is as a political satire. Orwell was clearly satarizing the policies of Stalin in Russia. 1984 falls into the dystopian genre. It is similiar to Brave New World in showing a depersonalized society. This is the opposite of Utopian literature which has its genesis in Thomas More's text Utopia.