Jim Hawkins is the protagonist of Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson. During the story, he is an adolescent boy, enduring many hardships before he even starts on his adventure. The first struggle he faces is when the mysterious stranger, the seaman Bones, arrives at his father's inn, bringing menace and violence into his life. Next, Jim must cope with the death of his father, and the resulting economic uncertainty of his future.
After the discovery of the treasure map, Jim must make the difficult decision of whether to endure a dangerous and uncertain voyage or stay home, where he also may be threatened by pirates because of his knowledge of the treasure map.
Once the voyage begins, his next struggle is dealing with the crew whom he discovers are an unsavory lot planning mutiny. Once they reach the island, Jim is caught up in struggles with the mutineers, and uses cunning to avoid being captured by them. He struggles to control and survive in the homemade boat, and then struggles against the pirates, even having to endure a knife wound. His final struggle is to return safely to England with a part of the treasure.