What is the stress ion and direction of shift in the following?All of these are added to SCN: 1. KCl (no change) 2. Fe(NO3)3 (solution darkens) 3. KSCN (solution darkens) 4. NaOH (solution...

What is the stress ion and direction of shift in the following?

All of these are added to SCN:

1. KCl (no change)

2. Fe(NO3)3 (solution darkens)

3. KSCN (solution darkens)

4. NaOH (solution lightens)

I think I know how to find the stress ion, but I just want to make sure: Is it the ion with the opposite charge as SCN? So like, K+, Fe3+, K+, and Na+ ?

I don't know how to figure out the shift of direction... Any help would be appreciated!

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jerichorayel | College Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

Posted on

SCN is thiocyanate ion. IT is not a neutral compound. It has a -1 charge. It is formally written as SCN-. If there are no changes in the system of the solution upon the addition of the SCN-, we can assume that there are no reactions occur. As far as chemistry terms are concerned, there's no such thing as stress ion. Perhaps it would be the ion that reacts with SCN-ion. 

The shift or the direction of the reaction pertains to the formation of the products. If the reaction proceeds to completion, the shift is going to the right. If there are no visible reactions, there is no shifting in the reaction. And if the reactions changes and at some point in time the reaction changes again and stops changing, it is an equilibrium reaction. Equilibrium reaction has an equal shifting (left and right) and it is denoted by a double arrow sign `harr`

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