What state are the elements in group 1 likely to exist in at room temperature?

Asked on by alexb2

2 Answers | Add Yours

user714444's profile pic

user714444 | eNotes Newbie

Posted on

are all of the group 1 metals solid at roomtemperature

llltkl's profile pic

llltkl | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

Elements of group 1 are called alkali metals. Each atom contribute one electron each toward metallic bonds between themselves and forms a large network of positive ions, called kernel, embedded in a 'sea' of electrons. Due to strong electrostatic force of attraction between the kernel and the 'sea' of electrons, large amount of energy is required to separate metal atoms, hence they are solids at room temperature.

They are, however, softest of the metallic solids because of involvement of only one electron (per atom) in metallic bond formation. In fact lithium metal is the least dense of all metals.

We’ve answered 319,863 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question