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The third state to ratify the Constitution in 1787, and according to eNotes/Wikipedia, the third wealthiest state in the Union according to 2009-2010 median income, New Jersey's capital is Trenton, destination of George Washington's famous crossing of the Delaware River in the American Revolution (which, after his defeat in New York, became a huge victory to reinvigorate the cause of the American colonists). Trenton was also an important factory city, along with Paterson, during the Industrial Revolution, and its strategic position near New York City, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington D.C. and Baltimore ensured rapid growth then, and continued relevance now, despite New Yorkers' penchant for making jokes at the little state's expense.
New Jersey was home for nearly 3,000 years to many Native Americans; in the early 1700's, Dutch and Swede explorers poked around the region, but the British got "officially" into the act when they bestowed their new acquisition (read: item taken without permission from natives) to a couple of gentlemen named Berkeley and Carteret.
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