What is the spokesperson in a poetic text called?I have four possible answers: the poetic subject (don't think it's that one), the monologic subject, the lyrical object or the lyrical subject.

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Poetry, or verse, has one narrator. If the poem is in the first person (either by using "I" or by avoiding any pronouns, the proper term is "First-person narrator." For example, Shakespeare's sonnets, or Wordsworth's "I wandered lonely as a cloud." when the narrator is a constructed character, as in Browning's "My Last Duchess," the narrator cn be referred to as a "fictive"or a "dramatic first-person narrator."