What specific elements in Beowulf reflect a Christian point of view?

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The epic poem we know as Beowulf is a written version that incorporates several previous oral versions. The earliest manuscript known to survive is from about AD 1000. The epic originally dates back to pre-Christian times, but the written version uses Christian ideas and specific Biblical references to add credibility...

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The epic poem we know as Beowulf is a written version that incorporates several previous oral versions. The earliest manuscript known to survive is from about AD 1000. The epic originally dates back to pre-Christian times, but the written version uses Christian ideas and specific Biblical references to add credibility to the idea of Beowulf as a noble hero and implicitly or explicitly associates him with Jesus.

Grendel and his mother, for example, are called descendants of Cain, and that is given as the reason they must roam the plain. The role of God in determining people’s fate, or as an object of supplication, occurs frequently.

On a conceptual level, Beowulf’s journey into Grendel’s mother’s lair and successful return are often cited as a death and resurrection story. Not only in his nobility and willingness to be sacrificed if necessary, but in this actual journey, he is comparable to Christ.

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Throughout Beowulf, there is a tension between elements of Christianity and of pagan beliefs. One very prominent example is the Anglo-Saxon idea of wyrd, or fate, which seems to exist alongside the Christian notion of Providence, or the will and workings of God. For example, the narrator claims that Grendel, himself the "outcast of the Lord" and a descendent of Cain, would have killed more Danes except that:

God in his wisdom and the man's (Beowulf's) courageous spirit had withstood that wyrd and him. The lord ruled all the human race as he still does."

On the other hand, the only explicit references to Judeo-Christian faith are to the Old Testament, as the reference to Cain above indicates. Though the poem was probably committed to paper by a monk, it takes place in a pagan world. Many of its concerns, like the role of Providence in the lives of people, are Christian in nature, and some scholars have even argued that Beowulf represents a Christ-like figure in the poem. 

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