What specific characteristics of the sculpture Venus of Willendorf are said to reflect the nomadic culture in which she was created?

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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An element of nomadic culture in the Venus of Willendorf can be found through the lack of distinctive facial markings.  It has been thought that since the Venus of Willendorf lacked any notable features of countenance, she was representative of a nomadic culture.  There is a lack of specificity to the Venus of Willendorf, helping to enhance a nomadic feature to it.  Some believe that given the small size of the figurine, she could have been used by hunters in a nomadic culture as a good luck charm.  In this theory, the hunters carried the Venus of Willendorf with them for good luck on their hunts or to remind them of the women who were back home. Being seen as a source of fertility also helps to enhance this nomadic culture.  This helps to support the nomadic culture theory, reflective of men who leave the home in order to provide or in order to gather food themselves.  This culture would have been nomadic, having traveled to where the food source would be.  The Prehistoric condition of the figurine in which culture was not settled in one particular place and more mobile helps to enhance the nomadic reflections in her being.