What were Sparta's cultural achievements and legacy?
Through the years, Hollywood has trumpeted the military acumen of the ancient Spartan people, but the city-state also enjoyed tremendous cultural advancement. The Spartans built a very well organized culture which combined elements of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy. They were strong architects and builders as seen in their remarkable temples, government buildings, and monuments. While the Athenians are generally regarded as artists, the Spartans were known to be gifted in the musical arts including dancing. Their sculpting ability was the envy of the ancient world, particularly their work with bronze. The Spartans are also on the historical record as being respected poets and the oldest love poem in the world is believed to be one written by a Spartan. The Spartans also created a very unique social structure that granted women a great deal of responsibility and respect.