What are some ways to help students avoid plagiarism?

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In my experience, plagiarism is very rarely done on purpose. Most students who plagiarize do so by failing to cite all their sources, or citing incorrectly. This is 'accidental' plagiarism.

To help students avoid accidental plagiarism it is important to teach them what plagiarism is, in all of its forms and degrees. This includes teaching students when and how to properly cite sources. It is especially important to make sure students understand that paraphrasing also requires citation, as this is a common point of confusion. 

As far as willful plagiarism is concerned, it is important for students to know that plagiarism will not be tolerated. Going over the academic policies and disciplinary actions that can result in response to plagiarism can help set expectations.

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