Throughout the novel, the narrator quotes an assortment of written words from notebooks, diaries and letters which point to the central thematic concern which is language. In the novel, language is not only powerful but also has significant political importance. There is an ongoing debate whether to use pure French or Creole French as the official language in institutions such as schools and other entities such as businesses.
The element of language is closely related to racial identity and introduces “Mulato French” and “Creole French” in the novel. There is a strong sense of identity among the people of Texaco whose memories of struggles to get to where they are keep them together. They have a deep sense of connection with their territory and feel even more at risk with the coming of Christ who represents a threat to their identity.