What are some of the structures inside a cell that help it to live and perform its role in an organism?

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megamind-616 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Membrane-bound structures within eukaryotic cells (cells with a nucleus) that have particular functions toward the cell's survival are called organelles. Below, I have listed some organelles and their functions. 

Lysosome- Cleans toxins from the cell. This is easy to remember because lysosome sounds like the everyday household cleaner called Lysol. 

Mitochondria- Cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria. Cellular respiration is the process that converts oxygen and glucose (a sugar) into water, carbon dioxide, and a usable form of energy known as ATP (which stands for adenosine triphosphate). For this reason, the mitochondria are often referred to has the "powerhouses" of the cell. 

Nucleus- The nucleus is often referred as the "control center" of a cell because it houses the genetic material called DNA (which stands for deoxyribose nucleic acid). DNA controls the functions of the cell through the indirect formation of proteins. 

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