In the thousand years after the fall of Rome, Eastern and Western Europe went down two different paths. Despite their differences, they still retained a number of similarities.
Let's look at some notable similarities first.
Both regions were predominantly Christian. Although they worshipped under different churches, they still saw each other as fellow worshipers of Christ.
Eastern and Western Europe were both governed by monarchies. They also exhibited social stratification. This included a complex system of nobility, as well as peasants, serfs, and artisans.
Now let's look at some differences.
Western Europe was religiously united under the Catholic Church in Rome. This denomination instituted a hierarchy of priests and bishops who all ultimately answered to the pope. In several ways, even monarchs were subordinate to the pope's authority. The official language of the Catholic Church was Latin. After 1054, most of Eastern Europe split from the Catholic Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church was...
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