What are some similarities and differences of a haiku and a free verse? I need at least 3 points for each.

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analiesev eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The main differences between the forms known as haiku and free verse are as follows:

1. Haiku is classified in the "traditional" category (as opposed to the "organic" category).

2. Haiku has a fixed pattern to it (the five-seven-five pattern of syllables in its three lines), whereas a free verse poem is not restricted to any specific structural pattern.

3. Haiku in its original historical usage typically contained a juxtaposition of two dissimilar images, as well as a word or phrase making a seasonal reference, whereas a free verse poem is not restricted in its imagery and language usage.

Because free verse poetry does not follow established structural rules as traditional forms do, there is a lot of flexibility in looking for ways a free verse poem and haiku could be similar to one another in some cases. For example:

1. A free verse poem might be written about nature or seasons, etc. like haiku traditionally has been (but again, it may not).

2. A free verse poem and a haiku may both lack any rhyme scheme or pattern of rhythm.

3. Free verse poetry and haiku both have pre-modern, non-English origins in their respective cultural backgrounds. Haiku finds its origins in 17th century Japanese poetry, and free verse is a derivative of 19th century French poets' work with language that mimics natural speech patterns. In both cases, modern versions of the two forms have evolved somewhat from their original restrictions of subject and style.