What are some similarities and differences between glucose and amylase?

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Glucose and amylase are related because amylase is the enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of starches into sugars such as glucose. Amylase is needed so that the energy provided by starches can be used by an organism.

Two large differences between amylase and glucose are listed below.

  1. Type of biomolecule
  • Being an enzyme, amylase is a protein. Proteins are made up of amino acids. Amino acids are composed of smaller subunits. The subunits of amino acids are a central carbon, an amino group, a carboxyl group, and a differential R-group.
  • Glucose is a carbohydrate that is composed of a six-carbon ring.
  1. Function within the body
  • As mentioned above, amylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of starches into sugars.
  • Glucose is a carbohydrate that provides the body with energy via the process known as cellular respiration. The majority of cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen gas are converted into water, carbon dioxide gas, and energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). 
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