What are some signs of high blood sugar?

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dano7744 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A few initial signs of hyperglycemia could be glycosuria (glucose in the urine), polyuria (increased volume of urine), polydipsia (extreme thirst), vision disturbances, and mental status changes like confusion or lethargy.Commonly in women, yeast like vaginal infections are a first sign of hyperglycemia because the bacteria in the vagina thrive on the high blood glucose concentrations. These women may only seek treatment with their physician after repeated attempts at home, to cure, what they think, is a yeast infection.

In hyperglycemia, the kidney's ability to conserve glucose is exceeded, this causes a "spilling" of glucose into the urine. Total body water follows glucose into the urine by osmosis causing the person to void a greater volume and with more frequency. Because the person is voiding more than usual, extreme thirst may follow. A common complaint is that they are drinking fluids all the time but are still thirsty. Depending on how high the blood sugar gets, the person may become confused and disoriented or extremely lethargic.

thewriter | Student

High blood sugars are usually a result of a less than sufficient release of insulin by the pancreas. It may be due to diabetes. In the case of Type 1 diabetes, where the pancreas do not produce any insulin, the person with the high blood sugar has taken a lesser amount of insulin than necessary. In the case of Type 2 diabetes, the beta cells in the pancreas have not been sufficiently activated to release the right amount of insulin.

The signs of high blood sugar are excessive urination, feeling thirsty which is a result of the body losing water and salts due to excessive formation of urine, weakness, headaches, difficulty in concentrating, fatigue, dry mouth, poor healing of wounds, etc.

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